How to Git- Create repository & Add files
In this guide, we are going to learn how to create a Git project by creating a repository directory and adding files to it. A Git repository is a directory that contains the history of a collection of files starting from a certain directory.
Let’s dive into creating repository in detail.
Create a Git repository
On the windows system, Git home directory is C:\Users\username folder. To create a new repository on the home directory inside the repository, create an empty directory. The following example will create an empty directory named “Lauyou” using
mkdir command and create a file first.txt file in it.
mkdir Lauyou cd Lauyou touch first.txt
Now you have a directory that contains a file. Run the
git init in order to create a git repository from that directory.
$git init Initialized empty Git repository in C:/Users/yp/Lauyou/.git/
Now we created our Git repository Lauyou. Let’s add our file to the repository.
Add files to Git repository
To add our file “first.txt” into the repository, use following command.
git add first.txt git commit -m "First Commit"
git add command will add the selected changes to the staging area (also known as the index).
git commit command commits the staged changes into the Git repository.
$ git add first.txt $ git commit -m "First Commit" [master (root-commit) d675480] First Commit 1 file changed, 0 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-) create mode 100644 first.txt
Check the status of the repository
git status command, to check the current state of the repository.
$ git status On branch master nothing to commit, working tree clean
The command checks the status and reports that there’s nothing to commit to the repository.